Four extremely beneficial creatures in agriculture
- Author: Đinh Hằng at
The world of creatures is extremely diverse and prolific; you encounter them every day but do not know if they are beneficial or harmful, and sometimes you accidentally ''handle'' them. So let's, with King Elong, learn about the 4 common biological species that bring special benefits to agriculture and how to protect and develop them during cultivation!
1. Earthworms make the soil more fertile
Plant corpses (leaves, grass, dead roots) and organic fertilizer are food sources of earthworms, containing many organic and mineral components, so worm waste is rich in nutrients.
When worms die, their bodies decompose and contribute to an abundant source of nitrogen. On average each year, an individual earthworm can metabolize hundreds of tons of soil, helping the soil become fertile.
2. Bees help pollinate plants, and increase seed and fruit yields
More than two-thirds of the world's crops (including nuts, vegetables, and fruits) depend on bee pollination. When honeybees enter the pistil, pollen grains will stick to their bodies. When the bee flies to another flower, those pollen grains fall on the pistil and begin the pollination process.
In addition to pollination ability, parasitic wasps are natural enemies of harmful insects such as whiteflies, iridescent butterflies, cotton worms, and armyworms... Therefore, pesticides are minimized, increasing ecosystem resistance and environmental protection. Farmers should apply biological measures and create good living environments for animals such as earthworms, and bees,... to take advantage of their benefits.
3. Dung beetles contribute to cleaning the environment and destroying harmful flies
Dung beetles are insects with a unique lifestyle. They can spend all day rolling their feces into a ball and bringing it back to the nest. In grasslands, scarab beetles help clean up most of the waste from livestock such as buffaloes and cows... They often cling to the tails of animals to wait for their "meals". Besides, dung beetles also help kill flies, because flies often lay eggs in cattle’s feces.
4. Mantis – the advantageous insects
This is one of the "best" hunters, perhaps they rarely return home with empty bellies when carrying sharp serrated "swords" for prey hunting, the victims are insects that harm the rice as well as other crops.