Types of sea transport containers in import and export

Types of sea transport containers in import and export

As you know, the need to transport goods in import and export is a global economic development industry. Nowadays, with a variety of different types of goods and sizes, containers are considered the leading transportation tool, especially in sea transport to avoid loss and protect cargo. Depending on the different types of goods, we will choose container types that suit the transportation requirements.

Firstly, let's review the concept of Container in sea transport!

Containers are often shortened to "cong" or "cont", which is a large rectangular shape, made of steel, hollow inside, and has 2 opening/closing doors, designed with latches to close and protect the goods inside. Containers have very good bearing capacity and come in many different container sizes to suit different cargo transportation needs.

The capacity of a container transported by sea is TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units) - equivalent to 1 container of 20 feet. Therefore, people often call a 20-feet container is 1 TEU and 2 TEU is the 40-feet container.

We will often encounter the following types of containers:

1. The dry storage container: It is the most popular and most used type of container in transportation, used to deliver dry goods. Containers include size types such as 20 feet, 40 feet, 40 high containers (20' GP, 40' GP, 40' HC) and 45 feet.

2. Reefer container: This is a type of container with a heat and humidity retention device suitable for goods such as food, agricultural products, medical drugs, or other goods that need to be preserved and maintained at a stable temperature to ensure their quality.

3. Flat rack container: This is a type of container with no roof and no side walls. Its structure is supplemented with sturdy front and rear walls at both ends, which can be fixed, folded, or disassembled to support loading and unloading most conveniently. It has a very hard, sturdy, and durable structure to be used to transport bulky, heavy, and difficult-to-lift goods such as machinery, iron, and steel.

4. Open-top or open-roof container: It is used to transport dry goods but designed without a roof and has a tarpaulin to cover the goods inside. This type of container is suitable for carrying bulky goods that cannot be loaded through the container door such as machinery, construction equipment, etc.

5. Tank container: This type of container is designed according to ISO standards from the prototype Container 20DC or Container 40DC with materials made of aluminum, stainless steel, or steel... It provides high sturdiness and durability without being affected by weather conditions such as breakage, damage, or wetness. Specialized tank containers are used for carrying liquid materials such as water, mercury, gasoline, and oil. The goods are poured in from the tank mouth on the roof of the Container and withdrawn in the discharge valve below the Container safely and conveniently.


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